Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 11 : 2 February 2011
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.
         G. Baskaran, Ph.D.
         L. Ramamoorthy, Ph.D.



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Training Dilemma: Analysis of Positive/Negative Feedback from the Workplace Setting in Pakistan

Zafar Iqabl Khattak, M.A., Ph.D. Scholar
Muhammad Gulfraz Abbasi, M.A., Ph.D. Scholar
Mujahid Shah, M.A., M.Phil. Scholar
Sayyam bin Saeed, M.A.


Training courses usually enhance the proficiency of the trainees, be they of any field or of any area. Teaching, especially English language teaching, requires sustained training programs keeping in view the significance of English in the world in general and in the developing countries, in particular.

In Pakistan, HEC has launched ELTR (English Language Teaching Reforms) Project in 2004 to upgrade and update the efficiency of the teachers to exploit the latest methods of teaching English. But the objective conditions in our educational institutions perhaps do not fully provide the trained people to apply what they have learnt. However, there is no denying the fact that training does improve the efficacy of teachers in their respective institutions despite their facing least conducive environment.

The present paper seeks the views of the heads of the institutions as feedback regarding the performance of the trained teachers. The paper looks at the provided feedback and analyses the progress of the trained English language teachers, keeping in view the hurdles which they encounter while teaching in their respective colleges.

The analysis of the qualitative data collected through semi-structured interviews reveals that the training courses had been found partly effective. Perhaps this has been due to the fact that there usually remains a huge gap in the training and workplace settings. The trained teachers mostly are deprived of the state-of-the-art facilities that may be considered pre-requisites for the utilization of the courses. The trained teachers are made aware of the theoretical importance of the content, but they do not usually practice the methods and techniques they do learn.


It is a generally acknowledged fact that, in order to make an educational process more viable or to improve its quality, the role of teachers, the quality of their preparation and professional excellence are very vital. Quality improvement in the educational process depends upon the process of professional development of teachers (Edge 2005; Sharma 1993; Avalos 1991). Similarly, it is also generally observed that teachers cannot play any of the assigned roles effectively unless they are provided with the opportunities to undergo quality professional development program(s).

Since teaching is a lifetime profession and there is a rapid explosion of knowledge, it is not sufficient to provide professional development to teachers once in their life span. Therefore, continuous education of teachers has become necessary (Richards and Farrell 2005; Thomas 1993).

The existing need for such an on-going professional development of English language teachers in Pakistan, at almost all levels, is no exception to the whole scenario of teacher education. Unfortunately, in Pakistan's educational context, it has generally been observed over the years that a significant proportion of the university/college ELT faculty has usually been kept deprived of professional development opportunities and networks that are crucial for the successful teaching outcomes at higher level.

Since its inception, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan has provided professional improvement facilities to college/university level teachers in different disciplines. For example, it has started English Language Teaching Reforms (ELTR) Project to bring qualitative improvement in English Language Teaching, and to build opportunities for sustainable progress of English Language teachers.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Call for Papers for a Language in India Special Volume on
Autobiography and Biography in Indian Writing in English
| Call for Papers for a Special Volume on Indian Writing in English - Analysis of Select Novels of 2009-2010 | Hoping Against Hope: A Discourse on Perumal Murugan's Koolla Madari (Seasons of the Palm) | Ghanaian English: Spelling Pronunciation in Focus | The Relationship between Gaining Mastery on 'Content' (School Subject Matters) and 'Linguistic Competence Level in Second Language' through Immersion Program | Reader-centric and Text-centric Approaches to Novel - A Study of Intertextuality in Salman Rushdie's The Enchantress of Florence | Which One Speaks Better? The Field-Dependent or the Field-Independent? On the Effects of Field-Dependent/Field-Independent Cognitive Styles and Gender on Iranian EFL Learners' Speaking Performance | A Critical Look into Basic Assumptions of Teaching English as an International Language (EIL) | Digital Storytelling - A Case Study on the Teaching of Speaking to Indonesian EFL Students | The Reasons behind Writing Problems for Jordanian Secondary Students 2010-2011 | A Multidimensional Approach to Cross-Cultural Communication | A Study to Identify Problems Faced by the Heads of Secondary Schools in Kohat in North-Western Frontier Province, Pakistan | Go Beyond Education to Professionalism - Transition from Campus to Corporate | Impact of Students' Attitudes on their Achievement in English - A Study in the Yemeni Context - A Master's Degree Dissertation in TESL | Natural and Supernatural Elements in Arun Joshi's The City and the River | Pedagogical Values Obtained from a Language Class in an EFL Context - A Case Study from Indonesia | A New Tone in ELT - Positive Uses of Translation in Remedial Teaching and Learning | Training Dilemma: Analysis of Positive/Negative Feedback from the Workplace Setting in Pakistan | Learning Styles and Teaching Strategies: Creating a Balance | A Study on Evaluating the Discourse Skills of Engineering Students in Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India | Syntax and Semantics Interface of Verbs | History Revisited in Oral History by Nadine Gordimer | Provision for Linguistic Diversity and Linguistic Minorities in India - A Masters Dissertation in Applied Linguistics and ELT | A Speech Act Analysis of Jane Eyre | Matriarchal and Mythical Healing in Gloria Naylor's Mama Day | Impact of Project Based Method on Performance of Students | Computer: A Device for Learning English Language - A Summary of Advantages and Disadvantages | Mobile Phone Culture and its Psychological Impacts on Students' Learning at the University Level | Review of English and Soft Skills by S. P. Dhanavel (Orient BlackSwan, Hyderabad, 2010) | A PRINT VERSION OF ALL THE PAPERS OF FEBRUARY, 2011 ISSUE IN BOOK FORMAT. This document is better viewed if you open it online and then save it in your computer. After saving it in your computer, you can easily read all the pages from the saved document. | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

Zafar Iqabl Khattak, M.A., Ph.D. Scholar
Department of English
Abdul Wali Khan University,
Mardan, Pakistan

Muhammad Gulfraz Abbasi, M.A., Ph.D. Scholar
Department of English
Bahauddin Zakariya University
Multan, Pakistan

Mujahid Shah, M.A., MPhil. Scholar
Department of English
Abdul Wali Khan University
Mardan, Pakistan

Sayyam bin Syed, M.A.

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