Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 11 : 10 October 2011
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.
         G. Baskaran, Ph.D.
         L. Ramamoorthy, Ph.D.





  • E-mail your articles and book-length reports in Microsoft Word to
  • Contributors from South Asia may also e-mail their articles to
    B. Mallikarjun,
    Central Institute of Indian Languages,
    Mysore 570006, India
  • Your articles and book-length reports should be written following the APA, MLA, LSA, or IJDL Stylesheet.
  • The Editorial Board has the right to accept, reject, or suggest modifications to the articles submitted for publication, and to make suitable stylistic adjustments. High quality, academic integrity, ethics and morals are expected from the authors and discussants.

Copyright © 2011
M. S. Thirumalai

Custom Search

Identification of Problems in the External Examination System at the Secondary School Level and Their Remedial Measures

Muhammad Riaz, Ph.D. (Education) Scholar
Ali Murtaza, Ph.D.
Zia Ullah Abbasi, Ph.D. (Education) Scholar


The main objectives of the study were to investigate the problems of examination system at Secondary School Level in Rawalpindi city and to suggest remedial measures on the basis of the findings of the study. Over past few years particularly our examination system at secondary level has been under heavy fire from all sections of people, the public, the teachers, the press and government. Various steps/measures have been proposed and discussed for the improvement of examination system at secondary level, but so far no headway in this respect has been made.

This study was descriptive by nature and survey method was used to collect the data. The sample was selected randomly from Boys Secondary Schools of Rawalpindi City, 120 Secondary School Teachers and 300 Students of 10th grade

Data were collected personally with the help of Questionnaires. The collected data were scored and converted from qualitative form to quantitative form.

Main findings of the study were: the appointments of the supervisory staff were not made on merit, not well trained to perform such a serious and committed national duty, they are not fair, there was lack of friendly dealing of the supervisory staff with the candidates at the examination centres, the examination centres are allotted far away from the candidate’s residence and institutions. The malpractices especially the use of unfair means and impersonation are still common in the board examinations, the payment of the remuneration to the Supervisory Staff was delayed by the Boards. The Papers are not constructed by the teachers who are actually teaching at that level. The tests and the examinations are failed to measure the affective domain of objectives. It confirms the observation on prevailing system of examination and paper setting shortfall that just focus on simple recall, rote memorization and cognitive development of the learners? the question papers were not free of errors, paper leakage is a common practice in BISEs examinations. The marking procedure of the BISEs, the answer scripts are not evaluated carefully, the results are not declared in time, there are a number of errors in the result cards/certificates issued by the concerned board.

It was recommended that; supervisory staff may be appointed on merit, there should be prescribed criteria for the appointment of invigilation staff and after their appointment there may be a one day mandatory training for them, the malpractices, impersonation, undue favour and unfair means may be discouraged and laws as well as forces against such practices should be made active, paper setting may be done by the expert, relevant and most concerned teachers, due weightage should be given to all domains of objectives and error free question papers should be brought before the students, examination centres may be allotted at those places where the approach and access of candidates is easy.

Key Words: Secondary Education, Evaluation, Examination System, External Examination

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Muhammad Riaz, Ph.D. (Education) Scholar
Preston University and also working as secondary teacher in the Punjab Education department

Ali Murtaza, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Preston University

Zia Ullah Abbasi, Ph.D. (Education) Scholar
Preston University and also working as Headmaster in the Punjab Education department

Custom Search

  • Click Here to Go to Creative Writing Section

  • Send your articles
    as an attachment
    to your e-mail to
  • Please ensure that your name, academic degrees, institutional affiliation and institutional address, and your e-mail address are all given in the first page of your article. Also include a declaration that your article or work submitted for publication in LANGUAGE IN INDIA is an original work by you and that you have duly acknowledged the work or works of others you either cited or used in writing your articles, etc. Remember that by maintaining academic integrity we not only do the right thing but also help the growth, development and recognition of Indian scholarship.