Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 6 : 12 December 2006
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.



  • We need your support to meet expenses relating to some new and essential software, formatting of articles and books, maintaining and running the journal through hosting, correrspondences, etc. You can use the PAYPAL link given above. Please click on the PAYPAL logo, and it will take you to the PAYPAL website. Please use the e-mail address to make your contributions using PAYPAL.
    Also please use the AMAZON link to buy your books. Even the smallest contribution will go a long way in supporting this journal. Thank you. Thirumalai, Editor.


In Association with




  • E-mail your articles and book-length reports to
  • Contributors from South Asia may send their articles to
    B. Mallikarjun,
    Central Institute of Indian Languages,
    Mysore 570006, India
    or e-mail to
  • Your articles and booklength reports should be written following the MLA, LSA, or IJDL Stylesheet.
  • The Editorial Board has the right to accept, reject, or suggest modifications to the articles submitted for publication, and to make suitable stylistic adjustments. High quality, academic integrity, ethics and morals are expected from the authors and discussants.
  • Would you like to announce the dates and venues of your conferences, seminars, etc., and also publish the outline proceedings of these programs? Send a report to Language in India.

Copyright © 2005
M. S. Thirumalai



Please read the guidelines for the submission of articles, monographs, dissertations, etc., for publication in LANGUAGE IN INDIA, given below, immediately after the list of CONTENTS.

Articles published in LANGUAGE IN INDIA are indexed in the most widely referred to database of EBSCOhost! The number of people accessing LANGUAGE IN INDIA is growing! We have received the ISSN number for the journal. Thank you, our dear readers and authors, around the world!



Map of India, courtesy: Census of India.


Thanks, my dear friend! You are most welcome to send articles for publication in Language in India Our Board of Editors consists of distinguished linguists with many years of contributions to Indian Linguistics. We will evaluate every article before we accept any for publication. We are very happy that you did a good job in your last article.
You must do the following:
  1. Must include your address including e-mail address on the first page of your article. You did not do so in the last article, and as a result your e-mail address does not appear in the PDF full text. After many hours of search, I located your original e-mail and included your e-mail address in the opening introduction to your article. By that time, your pdf text was already formatted. And I could not spare time to re-do it with your e-mail address. It is for the authors to take care of this important part if they want others to correspond with them on the subject.
  2. You must give the declaration as to the authenticity of the work that you submit. This declaration should state that your article or work submitted for publication in LANGUAGE IN INDIA is an original work by you and that you have duly acknolwedged the work or works of others you either cited or used in writing your articles, etc. Remember that by maintaining academic integrity we not only do the right thing but also help the growth, development and recognition of Indian scholarship. This applies also to all who submit their articles for publication from other nations as well.
  3. You must not paginate your article submitted in the Word format. will paginate it.
  4. If your article involves a lot of diacritic marks and complex presentation that is difficult to reproduce, you may like to submit your article in PDF format. While doing so, please do not paginate it. The title page will be somewhat like this in pdf. Title of the paper in bold, Times New Roman in 16 point, immediately followed by the name/s of the author/s, with each author's name followed by their educational qualification such as Ph.D., M.Phil., or M.A., etc., in 14 point, and then after one line space, a line in bold. After this, give one line space and begin your article. It is better to check how pdf files are formatted in Language in India and proceed accordingly. While in doubt, please send an e-mail to or
  5. Please include your educational qualification such as M.Phil., immediately after your name in the first page of the article.
  6. Give complete details of your address, with postal number, if any. We call it zip code in the United States. In India, it is called pin code.
  7. Please tell all your friends, colleagues, supervisors, and relatives that your article is published in Language in India so that they will log in and see it for themselves. You do not become known easily unless your work is publicized first in your circles of friends and relatives!
  8. Encourage your co-workers also to write articles for Language in India
  9. If you can support this publication by donations, you are most welcome to do so, and we will receive the gifts with gratitude and appreciation. Remember, it does cost a lot of money and time, even to perform good works! I am doing it all these years with very little support! However, donations will not influence the decision to accept or not accept any submission for publication in
  10. Remember that Language in India is interested in publishing articles that bring out the application of concepts and principles to Indian languages including English language teaching and writing in India and other South Asian nations. We also welcome papers on other languages from other nations as well, following the age-old Indian tradition of welcoming knowledge from everywhere and to serve all. If you've used any one particular concept, idea, or theory, etc., please write about your experience in using these concepts, ideas, or theories, etc., and bring out how you, your co-workers, and your students have either benefited or not. Also include how you modified and/or used these concepts in your classrooms, etc. If what I say is difficult to follow, please see some of the recent articles in Language in India that apply concepts to Indian and South Asian contexts, etc. We are not interested in publishing a mere compendium of ideas from various sources. We are interested in publishing articles on all aspects of language structure and use.
With best wishes
M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Managing Editor
Language in India,


Amritsar, Punjab

International Seminar on Contemporary Trends in Language, Discourse, and Culture Studies January 20-21, 2007 & Workshop on Systemic Functional Linguistics January 15-19, 2007

(Please see the following website for course description.)

Organized by Department of English Guru Nanak Dev University Amritsar, Punjab(INDIA) In collaboration with Systemic Functional Linguistics Association, Hyderabad

Language, because of the multiplicity of its function, has a fugue-like quality in which a number of themes unfold simultaneously; each of these themes is apprehended in various settings, or perspectives, and each melodic line in the syntactic sequence has more than one value in the whole. -M.A.K. Halliday

Language, Discourse, and Culture are the key issues in recent academic research on linguistic communication and literature. Linguistic, literary and communication studies have transcended their conventional boundaries that have long divided semiotics from pragmatism. Both as perspective and methodology, discourse is in the center stage of research on language and culture interface, and the focus is on the workings of language ideology in relation to other social processes. The studies show in specific detail how language ideologies underpin cultural issues, including art and culture.

As a sequel to the contemporary thrust on systemic and interdisciplinary approaches, the Department of English, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab (INDIA) is organizing an International Workshop on Systemic Functional Linguistics 15-19 January, 2007 & Seminar on Contemporary Trends in Language, Discourse, and Culture Studies 20-21 January 2007.

Professor Christian Matthiessen, Chair, Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University, Sydney has consented to deliver lectures at the workshop and present the key note address at the seminar. Dr.Maria Herke-Couchman (Sydney), Dr. V. Prakasam (Hyderabad), Bernard Mahon (Canada), Maria Martinez Lirola (Spain) will also deliver lectures and present their papers.

Papers addressing aspects of the conference theme are encouraged but papers dealing with any aspect of systemic functional linguistics as well as those dealing with various dimensions of literary theory will be welcome.

Suggested sub-topics:
a. Language and Literary studies
b. Language and Media
c. Language and Literacy
d. Language and Gender/ Class
e. Postcolonial Discourses
f. Language and Power

Those who are interested in attending the workshop and/or seminar may apply on the enclosed form by November 30, 2006.

Those who wish to present their papers are invited to send the abstracts of their papers by December 10, 2006.

Delegate fee:

Indian and South Asian Participants: Rs.1200/ for workshop and Rs.800/ for seminar
Foreign Participants from other countries: US$ 100 for workshop and US$ 80 for seminar
Indian Participants who are members of ISFLA (INDIA) will pay half of the delegate fee.
Delegate fee will cover Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner.

We shall provide moderate lodging facility at the university. However hotel accommodation will be arranged if required on payment. The tariff for hotel rooms varies from 1000 to 2200 rupees.

Although we shall not be able to pay T.A./D.A to every participant, we shall pay second class railway fare to those who will not be sponsored by their institutions.

The paper presenters and those who will be invited to chair a session will be paid 2-tier A.C. fare within India.

Contact Addresses Sukhdev SinghDirectorWorkshop- Seminar 2007Department of EnglishG.N.D. University, Amritsar -143005Punjab IndiaE-MAIL: sukhgndu@gmail.comMobile: 91 93560 37655 Yubee GillSecretaryWorkshop- Seminar 2007Department of EnglishG.N.D. UniversityAmritsar-143005INDIAe-mail: Phone: 0183 2450600

Organizing Committee

B.L. Chakoo, Rita Choudhary, S.K. Bhatia, Gurupdesh Singh, P.S Sharma, Anil Tewari, Ramandeep Singh, Parminder Singh, Harbir Singh Mankoo, Manbir Singh Bhullar, Sumneet Kaur, Divya Kalia, Bindiya Bhalla
International Seminar on Contemporary Trends in Language, Discourse, and Culture Studies
January 20-21, 2007 &
Workshop on Systemic Functional Linguistics January 15-19, 2007
Phone no.
Affiliation (institution):
Participation : (a) Workshop (b) Seminar (c) both
Whether presenting paper in seminar: Yes/ No
Title of the proposed paper:
Delegate fee:
Date(s) and Time of Arrival & Departure:
Accommodation required: Yes/ No (Indicate if special hotel accommodation required)
Any other information:


Language In India is a monthly online journal devoted to the study of the languages spoken in the Indian sub-continent. We wish to present the scholarly research findings on these languages in popular language. Our focus is on language use in mass media, education and administration, speech and hearing, sociolinguistic and political aspects relating to these languages and the society in the Indian subcontinent. We wish to present the linguistic descriptions, interdisciplinary research, and current issues of importance relating to Indian languages. Following the age-old tradition of Indian scholarship, the pages of this journal are open to scholarly articles on any language. We believe in co-operation and mutual help to foster amity between all peoples and their languages. This online journal publishes not only articles, but also book-length reports and studies. We want to be a blessing to Indian languages, praying for "strength for today and bright hope for tomorrow." We sincerely believe that every Indian language deserves our whole-hearted support for growth and that every one can find its place in a mosaic of unity and understanding, serving each other and singing the glory of God.