Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 4 : 9 September 2004

Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Associate Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.


In Association with


  • We are in need of support to meet expenses relating to some new and essential software, formatting of articles and books, maintaining and running the journal through hosting, correrspondences, etc. If you wish to support this voluntary effort, please send your contributions to
    M. S. Thirumalai
    6820 Auto Club Road Suite C
    MN 55438, USA
    Also please use the AMAZON link to buy your books. Even the smallest contribution will go a long way in supporting this journal. Thank you. Thirumalai, Editor.




  • E-mail your articles and book-length reports to or send it by regular mail to:
    M. S. Thirumalai
    6820 Auto Club Road, Suite C
    Bloomington, MN 55438 USA.
  • Contributors from South Asia may send their articles to
    B. Mallikarjun,
    Central Institute of Indian Languages,
    Mysore 570006, India
    or e-mail to
  • Your articles and booklength reports should be written following the MLA, LSA, or IJDL Stylesheet.
  • The Editorial Board has the right to accept, reject, or suggest modifications to the articles submitted for publication, and to make suitable stylistic adjustments. High quality, academic integrity, ethics and morals are expected from the authors and discussants.

  • Would you like to announce the dates and venues of your conferences, seminars, etc., and also publish the outline proceedings of these programs? Send a report to Language in India.

Copyright © 2001
M. S. Thirumalai

Language In India is a monthly online journal devoted to the study of the languages spoken in the Indian sub-continent. We wish to present the scholarly research findings on these languages in popular language. Our focus is on language use in mass media, education and administration, speech and hearing, sociolinguistic and political aspects relating to these languages and the society in the Indian subcontinent. We wish to present the linguistic descriptions, interdisciplinary research, and current issues of importance relating to Indian languages. This online journal publishes not only articles, but also book-length reports and studies. We want to be a blessing to Indian languages, praying for "strength for today and bright hope for tomorrow." We sincerely believe that every Indian language deserves our whole-hearted support for growth and that every one can find its place in a mosaic of unity and understanding, serving each other and singing the glory of God.


Our hearty welcome to Dr. A. R. Fatihi, who now joins the Board of Editors of LANGUAGE IN INDIA! Dr. Fatihi is Professor of Linguistics at the Aligarh Muslim University, presently a Visiting Faculty with the Cornell University in the U.S.A. Dr. Fatihi brings with him many years of his scholarship in descriptive linguistics, sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics. In addition, he specializes in Hindi-Urdu linguistics and literary studies. We believe that his presence in the Editorial Board will further strengthen the offerings in the journal, and will bring a much broader perspective on the issues relating to South Asian linguistics.

You can now print your favorite articles with ease and less ink! Please click on the link, given at the end of each article, which says CLICK HERE FOR PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION! Check it today!

Check the latest addition to the books available for you to read and download : A Ph.D. dissertation! Check the contents below!

There are three important announcements given at the bottom of this page regarding upcoming seminars! Please check.


Map of India, courtesy: Census of India.


South Asian Languages Analysis
                                    (SALA) 24

State University of New York, Stony Brook

November 19 – 21, 2004

Conference Website:

Email inquiries:


The 24th Annual Conference of South Asian Languages Analysis (SALA) will be held 19 – 21 November, 2004 at the State University of New York, Stony Brook.  SALA 24 will be organized by the Center for India Studies, in collaboration with the Linguistics Department and the Department of Asian and Asian American Studies.   


The Organizers welcome papers on all aspects of theoretical and applied linguistics in relation to South Asian languages.   SALA 24 especially welcomes papers and symposia that address the following special themes:


v      Use of South Asian Languages in Commerce, Media, and the Internet

v      Endangered South Asian Languages: Role of the State and Society  

v      Language, Religion, and Identity in South Asia

v      Language and Inequality: The Language of Dalit and Feminist Literatures

v      Evolving Standards in South Asian Languages 

v      Theoretical and Applied Linguistic Traditions in South Asia and Contemporary Linguistics

v      Multilingualism, Language Mixing, and Convergence in South Asia

v      Linguistic Pluralism and Creativity in South Asian Literatures  

v      Diasporic Creativity in South Asian Languages

v      Teaching South Asian Languages as Heritage Languages

v      Language in Education in South Asia Regional and National  

v      Indian English as a Contact Language

v      Conflicts and Courtships between English and South Asian Languages

v      Constructs of Critical Linguistics in South Asian Context

v      Kannada and Dravidian Linguistics

v      Language Technology and South Asian Languages

v      Psycholinguistics and the Processing of South Asian Languages

Abstract Deadline: October 1, 2004

Abstract for presentation should be no longer than 250 words.  At the top of the abstract, put the title, but do not put your name.  Your name should only be on a cover message, which should include:   

-- name(s) of the author(s),
-- affiliation,
-- contact address, telephone, fax numbers, and email address
-- title of the paper

Send your abstract as an e-mail attachment to Professor S.N. Sridhar at  The deadline for submission of abstracts is October 1, 2004Authors will be notified whether their paper has been accepted or not shortly after the abstracts have been received. 

For abstract publication purposes, please follow these guidelines: your text should be in Word format, Times New Roman font (size 12pt), single-spaced and have 1 inch margins on all sides.

Special fonts: If your abstract uses any special fonts, please send (alongside Word document,) a PDF file, or a paper copy to the address shown below (same deadline), as special fonts may not transmit accurately. Indicate at the bottom of your e-mail if a hardcopy has been mailed. You may choose to send your special fonts file via attachment, or by diskette/CD.

A more detailed announcement, giving details of the Keynote Speaker, Invited Speakers, Organizers of Special Sessions, as well as details about Registration, Hotels, and Travel Guidelines will be posted on the website. 

For further details, please visit:

Or email:

Address for Correspondence:

Professor S.N. Sridhar, Chair, Department of Asian and Asian American Studies,

Stony Brook University. N 507, SBS Building, Stony Brook, NY 11794-4243

Phone: 631-632-4041 OR 631-632-7690.  Fax:     631-632-4098



Professor Kamal K. Sridhar, Director, Center for India Studies

Stony Brook University, East 5350, Melville Library, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3386

Phone:  631-632-1730 OR 631-632-9742.  Fax: 631-632-9731


Tamil Sangam of Greater Washington,

Federation of Tamil Sangams of North America,

International Society for Tamil Cultural Studies (Madurai),

Mylai Thiruvalluvar Tamil Sangam (Mylapore)

and other

Tamil organizations & institutions

jointly sponsor

International Thirukkural Conference

July 9-10, 2005

Washington D.C.


·        Critically analyze Thirukkural in an objective manner

·        Create an awareness of Thirukkural amongst the younger generation Indians and people of other cultures

·        compare Thiruvalluvar with other philosophers of the world (e.g. Confucius, Aristotle, Socrates, Plato, Machiavelli)

·        Learn lessons from Thirukkural for fulfillment in our lives

Highlights of the Conference:

·        Participation by internationally renowned Tamil scholars and Thirukkural Researchers

·        Proceedings of the Conference in English and Tamil

·        College credits for participating students

·        Publication of a book consisting of research papers on Thirukkural both in English and Tamil

·        Prizes for the three top ranking papers ( 1st Prize - $1000; 2nd Prize -  $500,    3rd Prize - $300)

During this conference, as a souvenir, we plan to publish a book containing research articles on Thirukkural. Those who would like to have their articles published in this book and presented at the conference should first submit an abstract. Our goal is to ensure that the articles that are published in this book contain original research material on Thirukkural. A Technical Evaluation Committee consisting of eminent Tamil scholars has been formed to review the abstracts to ensure that the articles selected for publication meet the expectations in terms quality and originality of research. The authors whose abstracts are selected will be notified of the selection and requested to submit a detailed paper to be included in the book.

The following rules and guidelines shall apply to the submission of abstracts and papers for this conference publication:

  1. Abstracts should be submitted no later than August 31, 2004
  2. An author may submit more than one abstract for consideration. Articles can be in Tamil or English
  3.  Please send copies (2) of the Abstracts to the addresses listed below
Dr. T. Murugarathanam
5, 3rd Street, Theni road
Aravazhi Nagar
Palkalai nagar East
Madurai 625 021 INDIA
Dr. Sornam V. Sankar
5420 Autumn Field Court
Ellicott City, MD 21430
  1. Authors will be notified by October 15, 2004 whether their abstracts have been selected or not.
  2. Final copy of the detailed paper should be submitted no later than December 31, 2004.
  3. Abstracts and selected papers should be either printed or typed. Abstracts should be less than two standard pages and the final paper should be less than ten standard pages.
  4. The Technical Evaluation Committee will review and rank the articles based on the quality of research, originality and other suitable criteria. The top three articles will be awarded prizes. First prize - $1000; Second prize $500; Third prize $300. Also, the prize winning articles will be published in the Research Journal “Tamil World” published by the International Institute for Tamil Cultural Studies, Madurai, India.
  5. Members of the Technical Evaluation Committee may submit articles for inclusion in the book to be published. But, they are not eligible for the prizes.
  6. The authors of the papers will have the opportunity to present their papers at the conference. However, they should make their financial arrangements for travel to USA either by themselves or through grants/donations from other organizations.
  7. Authors can submit abstracts and papers on any topic that is related to Thirukkural. Listed below are some examples of topics for the authors’ consideration. However, it is not required that they should write their papers only on these topics.
    • Valluvar on Principle- Centered Living
    • Valluvar on  Purpose of Life
    • Valluvar on Political Governance
    • Valluvar on Public Administration
    • Valluvar on Personal and Interpersonal relationship
    • Valluvar and other Philosophers and Thinkers of the World
    • Thirukkural and Feminism
    • Male Morality and Thirukkural
    • Thirukkural and the Environment
    • Valluvar on Romance
    • The Relevance of Valluvar to the Modern World
    • Valluvar in Indian Thought Complex
    • The Trivarga Purushharthaas(Human Goals) of  Valluvar and the Caturvarga Purushaarthaas
    • The Religion of Valluvar
    • Valluvar in World Perspectives

If you have any questions or comments regarding the International Thirukkural Conference or regarding this notification, please send them to the email address

Dr. R. Prabhakaran


International Thirukkural Conference


Institute of Language and Literature Malaysia
P.O.Box 10803
50926 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka Malaysia (Institute of Language and Literature Malaysia) is a semi-government body entrusted by the Government of Malaysia to plan and promote the standardization of the Malay language.

2. In less than five decades of language planning, the Malay language has achieved its main objectives of being the national language, the official language and the medium of instruction in Malaysia. However, what the future holds for this language and for many other languages of the world vis-à-vis the globalization juggernaut has to be viewed in its proper perspective. It is within this context that this Congress is convened. In this Congress, a major language is loosely interpreted as a language system that has been adopted by a community to be its national and official language within its boundaries and this language has played a major role in its nation's progress.

3. This Congress is meant to highlight the successes and experiences of many countries in establishing their respective national languages and to formulate strategies that will enable speech communities of the world to be inhabitants of a global village without sacrificing their languages and their national self-esteem.

4. To ensure the success of this Congress, we have identified potential presenters, but we want to open it for a wider audience of scholars around the world, so that a variety of important contributions about language planning and policies from around the world will be presented to the Congress. Thus, the Organizing Committee of the Congress of The World's Major Languages cordially invite you to submit abstracts and papers for presentation. Papers may cover any or all of the following topics:

  • The importance of national languages and their role in nation building.
  • Language policies and their ramifications.
  • Language planning and their implications.
  • The impact of globalization on national languages.

5. All abstracts will be reviewed by the Program Committee, which reserves the right to accept and reject abstracts for inclusion in the Program. All abstracts and papers must be original work. It is the responsibility of the presenting author to ensure accuracy of content, spelling and presentation, as abstracts will be published exactly as submitted. Your abstracts will be translated into Malay. Abstract text should be a maximum of one A4 page (approx 500 words), written in Malay or English. Abstract text should be in Times New Roman Font, 12pt size, be single-spaced and justified. Leave a line between paragraphs and do not indent. Authors will be notified of acceptance by 20 July 2004, or as soon thereafter as possible. Abstracts and papers are to be submitted via e-mail to:

6. The format of your full paper manuscript shall be in PC's Microsoft Word .DOC or .RTF formats. The full paper must be written in Malay or in English and should not exceed 3000 - 5000 words; all the illustrations should be in black and white. You may also send a hard copy of the manuscript (printed on A4 size paper) to:

The Organizing Committee
Congress of the World's Major Languages
Language Research Division, Language Department
Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka
P.O.Box 10803
50926 Kuala Lumpur

Please ensure that all materials are complete and checked for accuracy.

7. Important dates to look out for are summarized below.

Abstract due: 30 June 2004
Notification of Acceptance: 10 July 2004
Final Paper Deadline: 01 September 2004
Conference Day: 05 October 2004

Thank you and we look forward to hearing from you.


Yours sincerely,

Head of Language Research Division
for The Director-General