Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 11 : 4 April 2011
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.
         G. Baskaran, Ph.D.
         L. Ramamoorthy, Ph.D.



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The Trends of Higher Education among
the Students of Madrassa Education System in the Twin Cities of
Islamabad and Rawalpindi in Pakistan

Malik Muhammad Afzal, Ph.D. Scholar


The Madrassa is one of the many institutions, which have seen recurrent attempts to reform in Muslim society.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the trends of higher education among the students of Madaris in Rawalpindi and Islamabad cities in Pakistan.

The major objectives of the study were; 1) To explore the trends among the students to continue their higher education in the mainstream system of education. 2) To investigate the choice of the type of institutions for their higher education. 3) To identify the choice of the subjects for higher education in the mainstream education system.

All teachers and students of Madaris working in the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad constituted the population of the study. A total of 10 Madaris were taken randomly as sample. A total of 50 teachers and 200 students were randomly selected as respondents. Two questionnaires of three points rating scale were prepared: one questionnaire for the teachers and the second one was for the students of Madaris, for the purpose of exploring the trends among the students of Madrassa education. Collected data was analysed by applying appropriate statistical techniques. On the basis of findings, conclusions were drawn.

Key words: Trends, Higher Education, Madrassa Education System


Education system is the backbone of any nation. Education means developing the children physically, intellectually, socially and economically. The foundation of a person is his values. Together with homes, educational institutions have to work carefully and painstakingly to shape the morals of children. The greatest treasure and asset of a nation are its educational institutions. Education makes or marks the destiny of a nation. The strength of a nation is built on human resources developed by its educational institutions, which train the brains, provide skills and open new world of opportunities to every nation. The development of a nation and education are closely related to each other.

The Goals of Madrassa Education

Traditionally Madrassa is considered to provide education for the moral and spiritual development of Muslims children. The objectives of higher education are multi-dimensional and may be termed as personal, social, economic and cultural. As Pakistan is an ideological state and as there is now the need for building a competitive nation whose individuals are scientifically trained persons and who would make their contribution to the socio-economic development of the country (Govt. of Pakistan, 1998), there have been continuous efforts to change the education system to suit the modern needs of economy, etc. Traditional Madrassa education also tries to change and reform the system while providing opportunities to meet their original goals. Depending on the educational demands, some Madaris also offer additional advanced courses in Arabic literature as well as English, mathematics, general science, economics and Pakistan studies, etc.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Malik Muhammad Afzal, Ph.D. Scholar
International Islamic University

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