Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 11 : 4 April 2011
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.
         G. Baskaran, Ph.D.
         L. Ramamoorthy, Ph.D.



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Multiple Intelligences of the Students

Gulap Shahzada M.A., M.A., M.Ed.
Safdar Rehman Ghazi, Ph.D.
Habib Nawaz Khan, M.A.


This study was conducted with the aim to find out strength of self-perceived multiple intelligences of the students. Population of the study comprised 1585 students of 1st year of district Bannu. Using multistage sampling methods following proportion allocation technique, total 714 students were selected as a sample of the study. The multiple intelligences inventory, adapted from Armstrong (1994) Urdu version, was used as a research tool of the study. The central tendency and variability of the multiple intelligences of the sampled students were measured using Mean and SD respectively. Results of the study revealed that self-perceived bodily/kinesthetic, intrapersonal, interpersonal, naturalistic and verbal/linguistic intelligences are the most dominant intelligences of the students. It was recommended that teachers should teach in way so that students may develop all different type of intelligences.

Key terms: bodily/kinesthetic, intrapersonal, interpersonal, naturalistic, verbal/linguistic, logical/mathematical, intelligence.


The most important contribution of education towards child advancement is to facilitate him or her where their abilities can better flourish and reach his pick of competencies. We assess every one in the context that he meets that limited criteria of achievement. A great attention must be given to help children to become aware of their potentials and develop them without paying less attention to their ranking. There are thousands of ways to get success and there are many abilities that would help an individual to be triumphant (Gardner, 1993).

Howard Gardner viewed intelligence as the capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more cultural settings. Gardner argues that culture also plays a large role in the development of the intelligences. All societies value different types of intelligences. The cultural value placed upon the ability to perform certain tasks provides the motivation to become skilled in those areas. Thus, while particular intelligences might be highly evolved in many people of one culture, those same intelligences might not be as developed in the individuals of another.

Howard Gardner's work on intelligence has had a profound impact on thinking and practice of education, around the world. In the early days of the psychometrics and behaviorists eras it was generally believed that intelligence was a single entity that was inherited and human mind is initially a clean slate.

Human being can be trained to learn any thing that it was presented in an appropriate way. Now a days an increasing number of researchers believe precisely the opposite, that there exists a multitude of intelligences, quite independent of each other, each intelligence has its own strengths and constraints that the mind is for from unencumbered at birth, and that it is unexpectedly difficult to teach things that go against early naive.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Gulap Shahzada M.A., M.A., M.Ed.
Institute of Education and Research
University of Science and Technology, Bannu
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Pakistan 28100

Safdar Rehman Ghazi Ph.D.
Institute of Education and Research
University of Science and Technology, Bannu
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Pakistan 28100

Habib Nawaz Khan M.A.
Institute of Management Sciences
University of Science and Technology, Bannu
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Pakistan 28100

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